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How AI can enable a sustainable future

How AI can enable a sustainable future

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SUMMARY

Listen to podcast interview with the report author Ben Combes

This report concludes that there is potential for AI to untangle the connection between economic growth and rising carbon emissions.

This report is an early assessment of the economic and environmental opportunities proposed by AI. The economy and the environment are experiencing powerful disrupting trends. Digitalization is transforming how consumers and companies communicate, while decarbonization is transforming humanity’s dominant impact on the environment. Businesses are pressured to apply AI Technologies and lower carbon emissions. Across regions and sectors, there is a need to digitize economies and lower carbon emissions. This report focused on four seconds that impact the economy and the environment: agriculture, water, energy, and transportation. The assessment includes gross domestic product estimates, greenhouse emissions, and the potential effects on global workforces.

This report concludes that there is potential for AI to untangle the connection between economic growth and rising carbon emissions. The document finds that there must be a cultural transformation towards cleans energy for AI to deliver full emissions reduction. For inclusive benefits, all regions require incentives and policy changes that capture the benefits of environmental AI applications. AI can propel productive economic and environmental systems. AI-enabled environmental solutions can generate up to USD 5.2 trillion to the global economy in 2030, a 4.4% increase in comparison to Business as Usual. While AI levers generate economic growth, AI optimized solutions also reduce worldwide GHG emissions by up to 4.0% in 2030. Unfortunately, economic benefits can be mainly captured by mature markets. The distribution of benefits is a result of digitalization, tech adoption, and current policies. While Europe, East Asia, and North America Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa are likely to gain the least. This report highlights the need to evenly distribute gains from AI tech, as maturing markets are likely to experience the effects of climate change.

OUTLINE

Executive Summary

The point of AI

Developing AI

Deploying AI

Appendix

DETAILS

Overview

Researchfinder Rating
5 out of 5 stars
Title
How AI can enable a sustainable future
Region
Global
Published
Jan. 30, 2019
Publisher
Microsoft , PWC
Author(s)
Celine Herweijer, Benjamin Combes, Jonathan Gillham
Price
FREE
Language
ENGLISH

Content

Number of Pages
52
Number of Tables
6
Number of Exhibits
19
Topics
ai
Tags
AI, AI applications, AI development, AI regulation, employment survey, Microsoft, PWC
Author(s)
Celine Herweijer, Benjamin Combes, Jonathan Gillham
Methodology
This report categorizes AI effects by use cases in agriculture, water, transport, and energy. Then scores the effects of AI services based on a set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). The publishers analyze the indirect impacts of environmental applications of AI. The final step is to estimate the larger impacts of environmental applications of AI.
EVALUATION

This report adequately evaluates the digitalization and decarbonization futures in parallel. It seeks a common ground wherein the potential benefits found in AI leveraged economic and environmental trends create a sustainable future. The research is build on sound economic models and careful prognostication and balanced as the publishers identify the limitations of the research. Readers will find an unbiased and informative document. Modern businesses will feel inspired to deploy AI-enabled systems after reading this paper.

Positive

  • Broad data sets
  • Accessible visual data
  • Includes enablers and challenges

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