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Good Practices for Security of Internet of Things

Good Practices for Security of Internet of Things

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in the context of Smart Manufacturing

SUMMARY

This report promotes security measures to improve the cybersecurity of Industry 4.0 organizations that have adopted or plan to adopt Industrial IoT (IIoT) devices and systems that enhance automation in industrial operations.

The rapidly developing Industry 4.0 will use intelligent, interconnected digital-physical systems to automate the industrial process, from design, construction, to operations and logistics. Due to a wide influence on peoples’ safety, security and privacy, there are numerous threats to Industry 4.0, Smart Manufacturing and IoT.  Security measures are organized in three categories: i) policies, ii) regulatory procedures, and iii) technical procedures.

Policymakers should implement cybersecurity procedures that respond to specific, broad and unique threats and risks to security, privacy and assets of IIoT.  Overall, policy measures should follow privacy regulations and use IIoT without endangering user information by designing systems that consider security, privacy, assets and risks. As for organizational procedures, companies should establish risk management strategies that address roles, responsibilities, and cybersecurity contingency plan. Policymakers should implement technical practices that maintain the privacy, security and stability of IIot devices and systems. For example, IIoT systems can update their firmware, data privacy agreements and access control.

Smart Manufacturing is the next generation of industrial manufacturing processes and systems, built on information and communication technologies that enhance operational capabilities. ENISA defines Industry 4.0 as an evolution towards digitised, interoperable and intelligent value chains that incorporate IoT. IIoT is IoT utilized in industrial sectors. Further, Industry 4.0 is a broad concept that includes IIoT and Smart Manufacturing. The numerous capabilities of emerging and adopting Industry 4.0 technologies also raise significant security issues. This report advocates collaboration on Industry 4.0 and Industrial IoT security across the European Union and references relevant threats and challenges.

OUTLINE

Executive Summary

Introduction

Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing

Threats and risk management

Security practices

Glossary

Annexes

DETAILS

Overview

Researchfinder Rating
4 out of 5 stars
Title
Good Practices for Security of Internet of Things
Sub-Title
in the context of Smart Manufacturing
Region
Global
Published
Nov. 15, 2018
Publisher
ENISA
Price
FREE
Language
ENGLISH

Content

Number of Pages
118
Number of Tables
4
Number of Exhibits
10
Topics
iot, security
Tags
AI regulation, cyber security, data protection, deep learning, enisa, europe, global, industry 4.0, iot, manufacturing, risk management, smart manufacturing
Methodology
The European Union Agency For Network and Information Security (ENISA) explored and analysed current documentation on security in the Internet of Things (IoT), Industrial IoT (IIoT) , Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing. ENISA also collected data through interviews with security experts and a systematic questionnaire. ENISA studied the security of Industry 4.0 devices and systems throughout their lifespan, noting issues and requirements.
EVALUATION

Although the document is complex, organizations will benefit from this comprehensive report of security measures that address broad assets, risks, and threats to stakeholders.

Further, the report effectively uses figures to visualize complex industrial and technological concepts, including Industry 4.0, Smart Manufacturing and various social value chains. Organizations that have adopted or plan to adopt IIoT will have a broad database of policy considerations, as well as technical and operational procedures to guide their Smart Manufacturing platform.

Poasitives

  • Broad list of risk management strategies for policies, and technical and operational procedures
  • Figures visualize complex industrial and technological concepts
  • Clear definitions of vocabulary associated with industrial IoT

Negatives

  • Complex writing

 

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